The end of the Second World War did not mark the end of disputes but caused the beginning of malice between countries. The World War II as well did not serve any purpose for the betterment of the world but gave birth to the ‘cold war’. Though the Second World War officially ended in the year 1945, the political tensions prevailed among the countries who participated in the war.
Why Cold War?
The most salient feature of the cold war was that it involved two super powers, The Soviet Union and the United States in it. The fear of the usage of nuclear weapons in the world war and the technical advancements of the two powers prevented these countries in opting for a hot war. Both the powers got engaged in defaming each other and encouraging conflicts all over the world among countries.
Bernard Baruch, senior advisor to Truman (President of the United States) coined the term 'cold war'. The increasing negative vibes between Soviet Union and the United States though they fought the war as allies against the Axis, resulted in a cold war.
Causes of the Cold War
Records on the birth of the cold war are not clear as which of the wars whether the first of the second marked the beginning of it.
- Communism (favored by Soviet Union) and Capitalism (favored by United States) was one of the basic reasons for the cold war.
- Suspicions developed between the Soviet Union and the Western countries due to issue son Socialism and Capitalism.
- Soviet Union’s secret agreement with Germany on Splitting Poland weakened its relation with the Western countries.
- Soviet Union surmised British and United Stated of pushing them to the forefront n facing the German force elevated the tensions between these Allied forces.
- The eastern Bloc was formed by The Soviet Union, annexing a number of European states under its power.
- There was an inability of the United Nations body (formed by the Allies) to settle disputes among the super powers.
- The relations between the Soviet Union and the United States completely crashed because of the war between North Korea (supported by Soviet Union) and South Korea.
Prominent Features of the Cold War
- The Soviet Union had a strong hold on the Eastern Europe. It also sought to spread its power further into North Korea, Central Asia, and the Middle East. The United States established its power on the Western Europe, Latin America, Southeast Asia, Australia, New Zealand, and Japan.
- Both the super powers had strengthened themselves with advanced nuclear weapons.
- Three groups were formed as a result of the cold war: the western group under the leadership of United States in favor of democracy; eastern group under the leadership of the Soviet Union in favor of communism; a neutral group not favoring either of the super powers.
The effects of the cold war were seen as well in terms of destruction of life and property. Wars would erupt in some or the other part of the globe taking a toll of lives. The Soviet economy began to decline. In 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev came in power and made drastic changes in the systems of the Soviet. This marked the beginning of the cessation of the cold war, but his efforts could not prevent the collapse of the Soviet Union. The cold war went on for almost 4-5 decades and finally ended with the collapse of Soviet Union.