Obesity is a problem faced by millions of individuals all over the world. Modern day stressful life has resulted in people ignoring their health. Excessive work pressure together with a sedentary life style has resulted in people making the wrong food choices. Consumption of fast food and a lack of exercise have all contributed to this clinical condition called obesity. Medical health professionals and people alike are now waking up to the seriousness of this health problem. As per statistics 66% of people in United States over the age of 20 years are identified to be overweight. While many people may be aware of obesity not many know the diseases associated with obesity. There are a total of 9 groups of obesity diseases and following is the list of diseases caused by obesity:Cardiovascular Problems
Obese people have elevated cholesterol levels and this in turn can result in many heart problems such as:
- Cor Pulmonale - This condition is also known as right heart failure. Cor pulmonale results in a change in the structure and function of the right ventricle within the heart because of a respiratory disorder.
- Congestive heart failure
- Enlarged heart
- Varicose veins
- Pulmonary embolism
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome
- Menstrual disorder
Renal and Genitourinary
- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) - In this situation the ring of muscle located at the bottom of the esophagus, known as LES opens spontaneously and allows the contents of the stomach together with the digestive juices to enter into the esophagus.
- Fatty Liver Disease - In this condition fat is accumulated within the liver and this causes inflammation that can damage the liver along with formation of fibrous tissue. In certain cases this can also progress to cirrhosis and can result in liver cancer or scarring of the liver which can be irreversible.
- Cholelithiasis (gallstones) - In this medical condition gallstones are formed when hardening of bile into small pieces occurs. This can ordinarily occur when the large amounts of cholesterol are found in the bile.
- Hernia - In hernia the contents of body cavities are seen bulging out in the area where they are normally found. These contents include abdominal fatty tissue and portions of intestine and these are enclosed within thin membranes that naturally line the inner portion of the cavities.
- Colorectal Cancer - Colorectal cancer is also called as colon cancer and is a cancerous growth within the rectum, colon and appendix.
Integument (skin and appendages)
- Erectile Dysfunction - Erectile dysfunction is where a person experiences inability to maintain an erection that is firm enough for intercourse.
- Urinary Incontinence - In this situation there is reduced bladder control and this can result in mild leaking and in some cases even uncontrollable wetting.
- Chronic Renal Failure - In this scenario kidneys lose the ability to excrete the waste material and also concentrating the urine and conserving the electrolytes.
- Hypogonadism - In this situation the production of hormones by the sex glands is either reduced considerably or it almost becomes nil.
- Breast Cancer
- Uterine Cancer
- Stretch Marks - It is one of the noticeable changes in a person who gains weight rapidly. These stretch marks are fine lines that can be noticeably seen in a person with weight gain.
- Lymphedema - In this condition fluid retention is caused due to problems with the lympathic system.
- Acanthosis Nigricans
- Immobility - In extreme cases of excessive weight gain the activity of a person is limited and such an individual may need complete bed rest.
- Low Back Pain
- Stroke - In a situation of stroke brain function of the individual is often affected because of interruption in supply of blood to a part or the entire brain.
- Meralgia Paresthetica
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
- Dyspnea - In this condition the person may experience shortness of breath or a difficulty in breathing.
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea - In this disorder the individual may experience pauses in breathing during the sleep. Such pauses may last long enough for one or more breaths to be missed and may occur repeatedly during the time the individual sleeps.
- Hypoventilation Syndrome - In this condition an obese person may be unable to get enough oxygen while sleeping. As a result of this situation the person's blood has high levels of carbon dioxide and not enough oxygen.
- Asthma - In this situation the airways of the individual are affected.
- Pickwickian Syndrome
- Depression - A person who is obese may experience persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness wherein the daily routine is also affected along with the social functioning.
- Low Self Esteem - Obese individuals also suffer from low self appraisal.
- Body Dysmorphic Disorder - People suffering from obesity may also later on have disturbed body image.
- Social Stigmatization