Wolfgangus Gottlieb Mozart Biography

Do you think Mozart was among the greatest composers to have graced this world? A true prodigy in every sense he created some of the most beautiful compositions. Read on to learn about the life of Wolfgangus Gottlieb Mozart.
| Monday, October 20, 2008
Wolfgangus Gottlieb Mozart is widely regarded as one of the greatest prodigies that the musical world has ever heard. Mozart as he came to be known was born on January 27 1756 in the Austrian city of Salzburg. Mozart was baptized in St.Rupert’s Cathedral in his grandfather’s name (mother’s side) as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophius Mozart. Mozart’s father Leopold Mozart was a composer and a violinist himself and worked as a concertmaster. His mother’s name was Anna Maria Pertl. He had one sister Maria Anna Mozart. Mozart showed signs of being a prodigious musical talent at a very young age when he started playing the keyboard at the age of three. By the age of five he had already begun composing minuets. His rapid musical development was also the result of the tutelage of his father under whose guidance he studied the violin and the piano. By the teenage years Mozart could easily play the harpsichord along with the piano and the violin. Recognizing this talent of Mozart his father took him and his sister Maria Anna who was a talented piano player on his tours. It is perhaps this constant travel and the perilous weather that affected Mozart’s health later on.

By that early age Mozart had already extensively traveled around Europe with concert tours in the courts of Vienna and Munich as well as Paris, London and Zurich among other places. In 1764 Mozart had already written three symphonies and this was the year when he met Johann Christian Bach. Mithridate, King of Pontus was his first big opera that was performed in Milan in 1770. During 1773 Mozart was accepted as a member of Accademia Filamonica. It was during this Italian journey that Mozart heard Gregorio Allegri’s Miserere and wrote it entirely from memory in just one hearing. In September 1777 while Mozart was on his European tour he suffered a personal blow when his mother died in Paris. His sister too died in the following year. His musical tours enabled him to learn about different styles of music and shaped his different musical influences. Some of the musicians whose works he studied included G.F Handel, Joseph Haydn and J.S Bach and he incorporated the glass harmonica of Benjamin Franklin when he created several of his musical pieces. 1781 was in many ways an important year in Mozart’s life since it was in this year that he chose to settle in Vienna. This was following his falling out with his employer, the Prince-Archbishop Colloredo. Soon enough he found a new interest in his music from the aristocracy. Mozart wed Constanze Weber on 4th August 1782 much against the wishes of his father. Following this marriage he and his wife had 6 children. Two of these six children survived but they never married or had any children. In 1782 Mozart received widespread recognition for the opera "The Abduction from the Seraglio" following its huge success. After this he performed at a number of concertos as either a conductor or a soloist presenting his piano concertos.

In the year 1786 Mozart’s The Marriage of Figaro in which he had collaborated with Lorenza da Ponte premiered in the Burg Theater. Throughout his adult life Mozart was a fervent Freemason and tried to effect his father’s conversion which was done before his death in 1787. In the same year he also became the composer for the Imperial and Royal Chamber and his annual salary was 800fl. The Magic Flute was one of his opera’s that included some Masonic themes. There are many legends surrounding Mozart’s illness and eventual death. There are some scholars who believe that there was a gradual decline in the health of Mozart and this was reflected in his compositions. However as against this some other scholars believe that his death was rather sudden and he was in good health right till the end. There was also some conjecture about his actual cause of death. Severe military fever was the reason given in his death records while other possible theories for his death include mercury poisoning, rheumatic fever and trichinosis. When Mozart died he was still working on his composition of the Requiem. Experts believe that Mozart lived his life way beyond his means and was therefore rather penniless when he died. He was finally buried in a communal grave. Reports suggest that he died on 5th Dec 1791. In his lifetime Mozart had composed more than 600 compositions which included 21 opera works, more than 50 symphonies, 12 violin and 25 piano concertos among many other pieces.