Cardiovascular diseases includes those affecting the heart and its blood vessels. It includes such problems as heart attacks, heart failures, problems of heart valves and heart muscles, strokes and angina. Cardiovascular disease statistics reveal scary figures with this being the leading killer of men and women in the nation. Around 1 million people die every year in America because of cardiovascular diseases. These people belong to different races and ethnic groups. Among all the deaths accounted for in this country, cardiovascular diseases cause 42 percent of these deaths. Contrary to popular belief that old age is a primary factor in cardiovascular diseases, this disease even affects people as young as 35 and older. Modern stressful lifestyle and the junk food culture are causing even younger people to fall prey to this silent killer.
Very few women are aware of the dangers posed by this disease. At the same time as many as 38 percent women experiencing heart attacks die within a year as against 25 percent of men. Also after menopause the number of women developing and dying of cardiovascular diseases is more or less equal to the number of men experiencing the same. Other alarming cardiovascular disease statistics include the fact that by 2015 the number of people dying because of this will reach 20 million.
Many times cardiovascular problems are not detected because of absence of pain and other obvious symptoms. In that situation the underlying problems are not treated and this results in even more dangerous health problems such as strokes, heart attacks and even kidney damage. What makes cardiovascular diseases particularly dangerous is the fact that an individual may have multiple conditions at a particular time and may be completely unaware of it.
While cardiovascular diseases may exists without any obvious symptoms or pain there are some aspects that can be kept in mind to help identify potential problems. If there is severe interruption in the flow of blood this often results in a heart attack. The symptoms whenever present can be seen in varying degrees depending on the extent to which blood flow is hindered in the organ:
Other cardiovascular disease symptoms include:
The treatment for cardiovascular diseases depends upon the specific issues pertaining to each case and whether the patient is also suffering from diabetes is important to determine the line of treatment. Initially an electrocardiogram (ECG) is used to determine and record the electrical activity and the rhythm of the heart. Some of the cardiovascular disease treatments include:
Other extensive treatments include:
While cardiovascular disease treatment may include medication that a person would need to take for a lifetime or in some cases even extensive surgeries, the most important element is adopting a better lifestyle. This would include quitting smoking and other addictions, eating a well balanced healthy diet with strict control over consumption of excessive oil, junk and sweet food. To recover and maintain good health, exercise in moderate proportions under the guidance of a medical professional is also equally important. Finally adopting a more relaxed and stress free approach towards life is also very important for cardiovascular disease patients.